Genomics is the research of genomes. Every living organism on the earth, from people to grain to the flu virus has a genome, which contains a bulk of details important for the appropriate growth of the organism. Genomes are created up of a nucleic acidity, either DNA or RNA, organized in segments known as chromosomes. Genomics, Proteomics, Glycomics and metabolomics, are the main constituents of OMICS studies.
In Human Genomics the name itself says that human genomics is focused on studying the human genome sequence. Bacteriophage genomics or genomics of malware contaminate bacteria, and are considered as a possible alternative for treatment of diseases caused by antibiotic-resistant parasites. Metagenomics or genetic content which is acquired from ecological examples rather than from developed societies.
The study of Proteomics is about the functions of proteins the major elements of the protoplasm of all tissues. The researchers study defective proteins that cause particular illnesses, their results will help create new drugs that either change the shape of faulty proteins or simulate a trailing one.
The definition of Glycomics has advanced in recent times to include a range of scientific professions that are used to research the framework and operation of carbohydrates in biological systems.
Nine common sugars found in mammalian tissues can be mixed in several combinations to result in complicated carbohydrate components .The glycan collection (glycome) of a given cell or organism is thus complicated manifold, compared to the genome or the proteome.
Metabolomics is a term sometimes used to explain the emerging science of statistic and research of metabolites, such as sugars and body fat, in the tissues of organisms at certain times and under particular circumstances. The area of Metabolomics overlaps with biology, chemistry, arithmetic, and information technology.