Tuesday, 16 April 2013

Social & Economical Issues of Biotechnology


The globalisation of biotechnology delivers not only new economical prospects but also new risks. The development of worldwide bio-safety suggestions is important. The globalisation of biotechnology not only new economic prospects but also new risks. According to cautionary concept, these risks could be prevented by applying appropriate technological innovation structuring. The following ideas are not recommendations for complete solutions, but may start a new horizon of concerns for combined interdisciplinary and intercultural project categories.

Structuring of Scientific-Technological Innovation:

Cultural models criticise some technical alternatives as inhuman or environmentally harmful and focus on adapted or intelligent solutions. Ideas of naturalness or humankind have always been included in a path-dependent alignment of particular technical improvements. The concrete paths of individual technology improvements result from the interaction of various chosen and restricted circumstances.

Biotechnology in Medicine:

The contribution of biotechnology to the health situation of creating and take-off countries might be small in the near future. The main cause for diseases in tropical areas can be found in nutrition and substandard hygiene circumstances especially amongst the poor population of creating nations. Methods of biotechnology and genetic engineering can be used to analysis and fight tropical diseases. Companies of poor developing countries or their government authorities are mostly incapable to manage those enhancements, which are essential for genetic research programs.

Biotechnology in Agriculture:

To feed the improving world population food production growth must be more than doubled within the next 15 decades; yet agricultural floor space cannot be prolonged. Cell- and tissue-technology, which generates virus-free compounds, can provide a participation of 15-30 percent. Systematic techniques to make simpler the diagnosis of plant diseases are of significance.

The number of plants that have efficiently been genetically modified has exploded during the last few decades and already contains almost all food- and export-plants that are appropriate for developing countries. But there is still a long way to go for research to convert lab and green house results into growth of transgenetic kinds to be used in farming.