Tuesday, 21 May 2013

Different Types of Liver Diseases

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An overview on Liver: 
Liver is the most important organ of the body and it is located in the upper right part of the abdomen. In adults, liver’s size is like that of the football’s and weights about three pounds.  Many organs are beneath the portion of the rib cage.
liver diseases
How vital is Liver?
Liver is crucial for preserving important substances like vitamins and minerals. It is a crucial component of metabolism just as the heart to the circulation of blood. Liver plays a vital role in almost every part of the body’s processes.  A dysfunctional liver creates a negative impact on the immune system of the body and the energy levels, in addition to causing disruption in the functions of kidney and brain, leading to the reduced lifespan of the individual.
The functional aspect of Liver:
Liver serves different functions and acts as filler in fighting infection and clearing the impurities, toxins that get concentrated in the blood. It aids in digestion of food and preserves energy for individuals when they require it. Also, it keeps the chemical levels in the body at a moderate level.
It is strategic from the perspective of producing different substances in the body such as:
•Bile, which is a fluid and it is stored in the gallbladder which in turn is necessary for storing vitamins and nutrients.
•Blood-clotting aspects that facilitate in healing woods
•Proteins (Building blocks for growth)
Types of Liver disease:
The liver disease is surfaced due to one of the following factors:
Viral Hepatitis:
Hepatitis B and C arise out of viruses that result in liver scarring. Since both these are silent viruses the symptoms do not get noticed for many years. Subsequently, the patient develops many complications such as bleeding, liver failure leading to the ultimate death.
Autoimmune liver disease:
Disorderly immune system paves the way for autoimmune diseases. An impaired immune system may have impact on the liver or bile ducts leading to inflammation and scarring that in turn result in the advanced stage of liver ailment. A faulty immune system results in three types of liver diseases, such as primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and autoimmune hepatitis. Over consumption of alcohol arises Alcoholic liver disease which causes serious liver diseases.