Tuesday, 11 June 2013

Types of Blood Disorders

Blood disorders can impact any of the three primary elements of blood:
Red blood cells, which carry fresh air to our body's tissues
White blood cells, which fight against infections
Platelets, which helps in blood clotting
Blood Disorders Affecting Red Blood Cells:
Anemia: People with anemia have a low amount of red blood cells. Mild anemia often causes no signs. More serious anemia can cause exhaustion, pale skin, and difficulty in breathing.
Iron-deficiency anemia: Iron is very essential for one's human body to make red blood cells. Low iron consumption and lack of blood due to menstruation cycle are the most typical causes of iron-deficiency anemia. Therapy contains iron tablets, or hardly ever, blood transfusion.
Anemia of serious disease: People with kidney disease or other serious illnesses usually cause anemia. Anemia of serious illness does not usually require treatment. Injections of an artificial hormone to stimulate the development of blood vessels cells or blood vessels transfusions may be necessary in some people, who suffer from this form of anemia.
Pernicious anemia: An autoimmune condition that stops the body from taking in enough B12 in the diet. Besides anemia, nerve damage can gradually result. High amounts of B12 prevent long-term problems.
Aplastic anemia: In individuals with aplastic anemia, the bone marrow does not produce enough blood vessels tissues, such as red blood cells. An infection, drug complication, or an auto-immune situation can cause aplastic anemia. Blood transfusions, and even a bone marrow implant, may be needed to treat aplastic anemia.
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia: In individuals with this situation, an over active immune system kills the body’s own red blood vessels tissues, causing anemia. Drugs that reduce the immune system, such as prednisone, may be needed to stop the process.
Thalassemia: This is an inherited way of anemia that typically impacts persons of Mediterranean heritage. Most of the persons have no signs and require no treatment. Others may need frequent blood disorders transfusions to reduce anemia signs.