Friday, 8 March 2013

Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Main Idea:

Antivirals are very highly effective drugs which destroy the viruses and prevent from growing and spreading. They are often used against Epstein-Barr, HIV, cytomegalovirus, and herpes. The Antivirals are also used to battle flu such as swine virus. It is more difficult to create drugs to battle attacks for the viral infections because virus stays inside the tissues in the body. Many times, the immune system cannot identify and fight against these attacks. Antivirals such as HIV and serious cases of flu are often critical. Antivirals can help to treat sufferers with some viruses and help others with critical diseases, such as HIV, stay a longer and better quality life.

Antivirals can be applied in several different ways. Most Antivirals are applied by mouth in tablet, product, or fluid form, or as consumed drugs. Hospitalized patients often get antiviral drugs intravenously through an IV line, which allows the drugs to get into the blood vessels more quickly.

Currently there is treatment for AIDS. However, these are the drugs that can reduce the progress of HIV and also reduce destruction to your immune system mechanisms. These drugs are called Antiretrovirals (ARV's).

ARV's reduce the reproduction rate of HIV. Once the virus is recreating at a more slowly amount, it is less able to harm your immune system. If your immune system is working effectively, your body is less likely to become sick. Your immune system is your body's protection program against infection. Since ARV's reduce the destruction to your immune system, if they are used effectively, they allow you to live a longer, healthier life.

The objectives for ARV (Antiretrovirals) treatment are:

1. To ensure highest possible and long lasting control of the amount HIV in your body.

2. To recover and secure the immune performing of the system by enabling the CD4 tissues to renew their numbers.

3. To reduce HIV-related diseases and deaths.

4. In the long run to enhance the long life for people who is living with AIDS.